Encyclopedia of Religion A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9


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Encyclopedia of Religion entry for


A name given to the hypnotic system used by the Scotch surgeon James Braid. Braid proved that the hypnotic state can be brought upon oneself by staring at a shining object, and is not dependent upon external energies such as mesmerism (q.v.) or animal magnetism (q.v.). He made his patients stare at a shining object, and produced hypnotism in this way. Braid was the first writer who employed the terms " hypnotism " and " nervous sleep " in this science. See J. Lapponi, Hypnotism and Spiritism, 1907; H. Munsterberg, Psychotherapy, 1909..

citations: Encyc. of Rel., Canney


article created 2006-04-12 , last updated 2006-04-12

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